shortage

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{n.}不足(额),缺少,缺点[美],缺陷

词形变化:

 复数形式:shortages 

习惯短语和短句:

  1. A prolonged dearth or shortage.
    长期缺乏或不足

  2. Commodity shortage,a problem constantly obsessing the Chinese,has been basically brought to an end.
    长期困扰中国人的商品短缺状况已基本结束

  3. Kit Shortage Notice
    成套器件[仪器,零件]短缺通知

  4. Truck-engulfing sand,a trucker strike,and gas shortages cost precious time.
    吞没掩埋卡车的流沙、卡车工人的罢工、汽油的缺乏耗去了我们宝贵的时间

  5. Wartime austerities included food rationing and shortage of fuel.
    战时的艰苦包括食物配给和燃料短缺

  6. a city of severe water shortage
    严重缺水城市

  7. a housing shortage
    房荒

  8. a shortage of 50 tons
    五十吨的短缺额

  9. a shortage of water
    缺水

  10. absence deficiency lack need shortage starvation want
    反义词

  11. acute shortage
    {n.}商品奇缺

  12. acute shortage of food
    严重缺乏食物

  13. acute shortage of sth
    严重缺乏

  14. advice of shortage
    {n.}短少通知书,短装通知书

  15. advice of shortage of letter of credit
    [经]信用证转让通知(书)

  16. allowable percentage of cash overage or shortage
    {n.}长短款公差率

  17. asset inventory shortage
    {n.}资产盘亏

  18. audit of material inventory shortage
    {n.}材料盘亏审计

  19. audit of overage and shortage on goods & materials purchased
    {n.}物资进货溢损审计

  20. balance based on a shortage of products
    按短线平衡

  21. cash overage or shortage
    {n.}现金长款或短款

  22. chronic world dollar shortage
    {n.}长期世界美元短缺问题

  23. claim for shortage
    {n.}缺量索赔

  24. claim on shortage
    {n.}因缺斤少两而要求索赔

  25. co shortage
    {n.}严重短缺

  26. cover the shortage==>{vi.}弥补不足
    {vt.}弥补不足

  27. criterion global oil shortage
    {n.}全球性的石油短缺危机

  28. critical shortage
    [经]严重短缺

  29. critical shortage of
    奇缺

  30. dollar shortage
    美元荒

  31. drug shortage monitoring program
    [医]药物短缺监护程序

  32. electric power shortage
    {n.}缺电

  33. energy shortage
    能源短缺,能量不足

  34. equipment inventory shortage and spoilage
    {n.}设备盘亏毁损

  35. food shortage
    粮食短缺

  36. foreign exchange shortage
    {n.}外汇短缺

  37. fuel shortage
    燃料不足

  38. fund shortage
    资金不足,资金短缺

  39. housing shortage
    房荒,住房不足

  40. inventory overages and shortages

  41. 存货盈余或短缺


  42. inventory shortage
    盘存短耗

  43. inventory shortage and over report
    库存盘盈盘亏报告

  44. inventory shortage and overage
    {n.}盘亏与盘盈

  45. inventory shortage and overage report
    [经]存货盘盈盘亏报告

  46. inventory shortage and spoilage
    {n.}盘亏与毁损

  47. inventory shortage or overage
    {n.}盘存缺溢数

  48. inventory shortages or overages
    {n.}盘存缺溢数

  49. labour shortage area
    {n.}劳动力短缺地区

  50. liquidity shortage
    流动性不足

  51. make up for possible shortages with surpluses
    以丰补歉

  52. man-made shortage of goods
    人为的供应紧张

  53. manpower shortage
    劳动力短缺,劳动力[人力]不足

  54. market shortages
    市场紧张

  55. material shortage
    材料缺乏

  56. materials shortage
    [经]材料短缺

  57. meeting to adjust shortages and surpluses
    调剂会议

  58. merchandise shortage
    {n.}商品短缺

  59. oil shortage
    石油的不足

  60. ordinary shortage
    通常短量

  61. overage and shortage
    {n.}长短款

  62. overage and shortage on inventery taking
    [经]盘存盈亏

  63. parts shortage
    {n.}缺货

  64. petroleum shortage
    {n.}石油短缺

  65. potential energy shortage
    潜在的能源不足,潜在能源不足

  66. power shortage
    缺电

  67. raw material shortage
    {n.}原材料短缺

  68. risk of shortage
    货差险

  69. risk of shortage in weight
    短重险

  70. ship shortage by
    {vt.}用...运送缺货

  71. shortage allowable by norm
    {n.}定额内短缺

  72. shortage and non delivery
    {n.}短缺及提货不着

  73. shortage and spoilage of inventories pending disposal
    {n.}待处理存货短缺及毁损

  74. shortage and spoilage of inventory pending disposal
    {n.}待处理存货短缺及毁损

  75. shortage and spoilage of inventory suspending disposal
    {n.}待处理存货短期及毁损

  76. shortage claim
    {n.}短量索赔

  77. shortage control==>{n.}消灭赤字
    {}

  78. 消灭赤字


  79. shortage cost
    {n.}缺货成本

  80. shortage economics
    {n.}短缺经济学

  81. shortage in collection
    {n.}少收

  82. shortage in delivery
    {n.}少缴

  83. shortage in weight
    {n.}重量不足,短量

  84. shortage of and damage to material and supply
    {n.}原材料盘亏或毁损

  85. shortage of dwelling houses
    {n.}住房不足

  86. shortage of fixed assets
    {n.}固定资产盘亏

  87. shortage of heat
    [化]热量不足

  88. shortage of inventory taking
    [经]商品盘损

  89. shortage of ixed asset
    {n.}固定资产盘亏

  90. shortage of labour
    缺乏劳力

  91. shortage of manpower
    缺乏劳力

  92. shortage of money
    {n.}短款

  93. shortage of oil
    油不足

  94. shortage of personnel
    {n.}人手短缺

  95. shortage of power
    {n.}动力不足

  96. shortage of qualified judge
    {n.}不够合格的法官

  97. shortage of space
    {n.}舱位不足

  98. shortage of water
    {n.}缺水,短水

  99. shortage of weight
    {n.}短重,重量不足

  100. shortage or non delivery
    {n.}短缺及提货不着

  101. shortage penalty
    (存货管理制度中的)缺额罚款

  102. shortage penalty cost
    缺货费,短缺惩罚费

  103. shortage risk
    {n.}短量险

  104. show a shortage
    {vt.}短缺

  105. survey report on examination of damage on shortage
    检验残损证明书

  106. temporary shortage
    青黄不接

  107. the perennial shortage of capital
    资金的长期短缺

  108. truck shortage
    载重汽车不足

  109. water shortage
    水量不足

  110. work force shortage
    {n.}劳动力短缺

例句与用法:

  1. This area has an acute shortage of water.
    这个地方缺水严重。

  2. The lack of rain aggravated the already serious shortage of food.
    干旱少雨使原本就很严重的粮食短缺问题更加严重。

  3. Wartime austerities included food rationing and shortage of fuel.
    战时的艰苦包括食物配给和燃料短缺.

  4. He always bemoans the shortage of funds for research.
    他总是叹息研究经费不足。

  5. Power shortage browned out those cities that winter.
    那年冬天,由于电力供应不足那些城市采取了节约用电措施。

  6. Power shortage browned out the city that winter.
    那年冬天,由于电力不足,市里采取了部分停电供应措施。

  7. The shops are cashing in on temporary shortages by raising prices.
    商店趁一时缺货而提高价格从中获利.

  8. A severe flood struck the city and there was a consequent shortage of food.
    该市遭到严重水灾,结果造成食物匮乏。

  9. Continuance of the war will mean shortage of the food.
    战争的持续意味着食品短缺。

  10. The rumours of a petrol shortage turned out to be a false alarm.
    汽油短缺的谣传原来是一场虚惊.

  11. Many deserted during the food shortage.
    许多人在饥荒中逃往他乡。

  12. The bad harvest led to severe food shortage.
    歉收引起食物严重短缺。

  13. Food shortage often occur in times of war.
    战争期间常发生粮食短缺现象。

  14. The increase in population is so rapid that there is a food shortage.
    人口增长得这么快,以致造成粮食短缺。

  15. Food shortages will probably get worse towards the end of the century.
    食物短缺的情况到本世纪末可能更加严重.

  16. There is an acute housing shortage in our city.
    我们市里房荒问题很严重。

  17. The energy shortage of the world results partly from wasteful use by the industrialized countries.
    世界能源的短缺,部分是由于工业化国家挥霍能源而引起的。

  18. Manufacturing industry was worst affected by the fuel shortage.
    由於燃料短缺受到影响,制造业首当其冲.

  19. The war was lost because of a shortage of munitions.
    战争因军火短缺而失败了。

  20. A severe natural gas shortage shut down many plants.
    天然气的严重缺乏使许多家工厂都停工了。

  21. Any new source of energy will be welcome,as there is a shortage of petroleum.
    由于石油短缺,任何一种新能源都会受欢迎。

  22. The government has to provide against a possible oil shortage in the coming months.
    政府须为未来几个月中可能出现的油荒作好准备。

  23. There was a shortage of oxygen at the top of the mountain.
    山顶上缺氧。

  24. The company's main problem is the shortage of skilled personnel.
    这家公司的主要问题是缺少有技术的人员。

  25. The shortage of power dimmed the streets.
    由于电力不足,街道昏暗。

  26. The shortage can be put down to bad planning.
    短缺是由计划不周造成的。

  27. The report relates high wages to/with labour shortages.
    该报告把工资高与劳动力短缺联系在一起了.

  28. Heavy rains were responsible for the shortage of vegetables.
    大雨是蔬菜短缺的原因。

  29. We are suffering from a severe shortage of fuel.
    我们苦于严重缺乏燃料。

  30. There is a shortage of salt in this country.
    这个国家缺少盐。

  31. The total shortage was 500 tons.
    短缺之总额为五百吨。

  32. The pests spread quickly in these regions and there was a shortage of labour.
    虫害在这些地区迅速蔓延,劳动力又很紧张。

  33. Shortage of hands has shrunk our plant's yearly output.
    人手不足已使我们厂的年产量减少。

  34. Shipment cannot execute within period owing stevedore shortage
    因装卸工人不足,故无法在限定期间内完成装船。

  35. You had better stock up with sugar because there is going to be a shortage.
    你最好购进食糖,因为市场上马上就要缺货了。

  36. As soon as they heard about possible food shortages,they began to stock up.
    他们一听说食物可能短缺,就立即储备起来.

  37. The country suffered severe food shortages in wartime.
    这个国家战时食物严重短缺。

  38. Heavy storms worsened the fuel shortage.
    暴风雨使燃料的缺乏状况更加恶化。

  39. Shortage of capital was a factor holding back economic development.
    资金短缺是影响经济发展的一个因素。

  40. Spending too much now will mean a shortage of cash next year.
    现在花钱过头,来年就要缺钱.

  41. If there is a shortage of any product prices of that product go up.
    如果任何一种产品短缺,那种产品的价格就上涨。

  42. The shortage of tomatoes kept the prices up.
    西红柿的短缺提高了它的价格。

  43. A shortage of building land will push property values up.
    建筑用地缺乏将造成房地产价格逐渐上升。

  44. The shop is cashed in on temporary shortage by raising price.
    商店趁一时缺货而提高价格从中获利。

  45. chronic indigestion;a chronic shortage of funds;a chronic invalid.
    慢性消化不良;周期性发作的资金短缺;慢性病人。

  46. the primary form of thrombocytopenia (rather than a shortage of platelets caused by with other conditions such as tuberculosis or chemical suppression of bone marrow etc.).
    血小板减少的基本形式。

  47. We want to help alleviate the national food shortage.
    我们想帮助缓解国家粮食短缺的状况。

  48. The town and township hospitals in most of the poor areas have been revamped or rebuilt. As a result,the shortage of doctors and medicines has been alleviated.
    大多数贫困地区乡镇卫生院得到改造或重新建设,缺医少药的状况得到缓解。

  49. Question:Who will be allowed to come to Germany under the"Green Card"program aimed at alleviating the current shortage of IT specialists?
    问:依照旨在缓解目前信息技术专家缺乏状况的"绿卡"计划,什么样的人可以获准赴德工作?

  50. [30] Smokers,say the researchers,may have a lower risk of Parkinson's disease,because the nerve disease is aggravated by shortages of dopamine.
    [30]研究人员说,也许烟民患帕金森病的危险性较小,因为这种神经系统的疾病就是因为缺乏多巴胺而加重的。

  51. While there is an overall shortage of intellectuals,in some places young and middle-aged intellectuals are finding it difficult to play a useful role.
    我们现在一方面是知识分子太少,另一方面有些地方中青年知识分子很难起作用。

  52. a critical shortage of food;a critical illness;an illness at the critical stage.
    食物的严重短缺;病危;处在危急状态的疾病。

  53. Power shortages browned out those cities.
    电力不足使那些城市采取节约照明用电的措施。

  54. The bank teller made good the shortage and was given a light sentence.
    该银行出纳员将短少的公款赔出来,并受到从轻的处分。

  55. He took advantage of the housing shortage by renting out his basement.
    他乘房荒之机把他的地下室租了出去。

  56. Profiteers cashed in during the gasoline shortage.
    投机商人利用石油短缺大捞一笔

  57. Our difficulties were compounded by shortage of petrol supply.
    石油供应短缺增加了我们的困难。

  58. The fertility industry is already issuing dark warnings that an end to anonymity will create a shortage of sperm,eggs and embryos,a terrifying prospect for the women having trouble conceiving,and the men who have difficulty fathering a child.
    但是,生育业已经发出警告:结束匿名将使精子、卵子和胚胎供应不足。这对于不孕妇女和患不育症的男子是可怕的前景。

  59. A two-tier structure of Discount Rates has been adopted to ensure that interest rates are adequately responsive to capital flows,while avoiding excessive interest rate volatility if liquidity shortages are only modest.
    贴现率采用两级制,确保利率充分反映资金流向,也可避免利率因为流动资金轻微短缺而出现过度波动的情况。

  60. A drastic shortage;a dearth.
    饥谨极度缺乏;饥谨

  61. A prolonged dearth or shortage.
    长期缺乏或不足

  62. It was a chilling depiction of one potential side effect of the critical donor shortage.
    书中描述的由于捐献器官紧缺引起的潜在恶果着实让人不寒而栗。

  63. During the long,ob scure,dimly defined prehistoric period when man lived as a wandering hunter and food gatherer,frequent food shortages must have prevented the development of village civilizations.
    在漫长、不明确、界限模糊的史前时期,人们处于游猎和食物收集时期,经常性的食品短缺肯定阻碍了村庄文明的发展。

  64. A drastic,wide-reaching food shortage.
    饥荒食物严重的,普遍的短缺

  65. diseases endemic to the tropics;endemic malaria;food shortages and starvation are endemic in certain parts of the world.
    热带地区的地方性疾病;地方流行性疟疾;食物短缺和饥饿是在世界某一特定区域流行的。

  66. We must try to overcome the rural shortage of doctors and medicine.
    我们必须设法改变农村缺医少药的状态。

  67. A shortage of 50M/Ts is a big loss for us.
    50公吨的短重对我们是个不小的损失。

  68. The shortage of water resource exaggerates the pollution of water body.
    水资源短缺与水体污染并存。

  69. Shortage of food;famine.
    食物短缺;饥荒

  70. Garcia,a 6-foot-3 Spanish-looking former president,used flowery language to overcome memories of his calamitous 1985-90 presidency,marred by corruption,guerrilla violence,food shortages and hyperinflation.
    托莱多的对手加西亚有六英尺三英寸高,是一位有着西班牙人长相的秘鲁前总统。他在竞选中运用华丽的辞藻试图掩盖他那多灾多难的1985年到1990年的总统任期,在他上次任期内,秘鲁国内充斥了贪污腐败、游击队暴力事件、食物短缺和通货过度膨胀。

  71. Due to the droughts in Northwest and a grave shortage of surface water in karst regions in Southwest,the development and utilization of ground water is of vital significance for the life and production of local people.
    由于西北干旱地区和西南岩溶地区地表水严重匮乏,地下水的开发利用对于当地人民的生产、生活都具有相当重要的意义。

  72. Margin for the industry had been very good because of supply shortage.
    由于供应短缺,所以这项行业的利润向来不错。

  73. There was a shortage of trained nurses.
    那时缺乏受过训练的护士。

  74. Obviously the country is faced with a shortage of gasoline. It is now under strict government control.
    很明显,这个国家面临汽油的匮乏。现在汽油已置于政府的严格控制之下。

  75. "There will be a skills shortage in many countries in the next century,"says Kean.
    基恩说:"在下个世纪,很多公司将出现技术匮乏现象。

  76. Some anxious students complained incessantly to the university authorities over the inadequacy of the facilities,the shortage of lecturers and professors,and so on.
    有些焦急的同学不断向校方投诉设备差,讲师和教授不够......。

  77. By assuming responsibility for the interbank clearing system,the HKMA also became responsible for the provision of lending to any banks experiencing day-to-day shortages of liquidity.
    金管局在接手管理银行同业结算系统后,也同时负起为暂时出现流动资金短缺情况的银行提供贷款的责任。

  78. The war was lost because of a shortage of munitions
    因军火不足而战败

  79. The war is lost because of a shortage of munitions.
    因军火不足而战败。

  80. To relieve the shortage of salt,people have begun to extract it from nitre.
    他们为了解决食盐的缺乏,进行了硝盐的制造。

  81. Commodity shortage,a problem constantly obsessing the Chinese,has been basically brought to an end.
    长期困扰中国人的商品短缺状况已基本结束。

  82. a state occasioned by scarcity of money and a shortage of credit.
    缺乏金钱或存款的状态。

  83. Dell's reluctance to hold inventory was briefly overridden in 1989,when the company bought millions of extra memory chips in an attempt to stay ahead of an expected shortage.
    在1989年,戴尔对保持库存的厌恶遭受了重大打击。当时公司购买了数以百万计的外加存储器芯片,试图在预计的供应不足时能够有一定的存货。

  84. We adopt an active attitude towards drawing on overseas fund to make up for domestic fund shortage.
    我们采取积极的态度吸引海外资金以弥补国内资金短缺。

  85. G.A. Peluca factory,in the north-western town of Rosario,opted for supplies of locally grown"natural"hair when it faced a shortage of Russian synthetic wigs after the peso plunged in value by nearly two thirds this year.
    由于今年的经济危机造成阿根廷比索大幅度贬值,位于阿根廷西北部罗萨里奥市的g.a.peluca假发制造厂无法继续进口俄罗斯的用于制造假发的合成纤维,因此现在这个工厂只得选择当地"自然生长"的头发作为原料。

  86. Discussion of the water shortage will preempt the other topics on this week's agenda.
    在这星期日程表上关于用水短缺的讨论将优先于其它议题

  87. To make up the shortage,I am sending another check order for $15.
    为了补上不足现在寄15美元汇票。

  88. Unexpected shortages jumped milk prices by several cents a quart.
    意想不到的短缺使牛奶价格一夸脱猛地上涨了好几美分

  89. Water rationing,shortages
    自来水定量供应、短缺

  90. We employ part-timer to make up for staff shortage.
    我们雇佣临时工以弥补人员不足(短缺)。

  91. We employ part timer to make up for staff shortage.
    我们雇佣临时工以弥补人员不足(短缺)。

  92. The total shortage was $500.
    不足的总额为500美元。

  93. "In the developed countries,there's a great shortage of labour/work force."
    发达国家劳动力非常缺乏。

  94. A rumor of a shortage stampeded people into laying in supplies.
    缺货的谢意驱使人们囤积生活用品。

  95. Industrial and service sectors have developed continuously. China's economy has turned from a shortage economy to a buyer's market with sufficient supple of commodities.
    工业和服务业持续发展,中国经济已由过去的短缺经济转向商品充裕的买方市常

  96. We must lose no time in solving the problem of water shortages in some areas and build the south-to-north water diversion project.
    抓紧解决部分地区水资源短缺问题,兴建南水北调工程。

  97. Our apple tress set well last year even there was a water shortage.
    尽管缺水,我们的苹果树去年还是结了不少果实。

  98. Truck-engulfing sand,a trucker strike,and gas shortages cost precious time.
    吞没掩埋卡车的流沙、卡车工人的罢工、汽油的缺乏耗去了我们宝贵的时间。

  99. The trucking company was able to sustain the severe fuel shortage.
    该卡车公司能经受得了这严重的汽油短缺。

  100. The main problems are the shortage of water resources and the irrational structure in water consumption,which has caused a serious lack of water used for ecological purpose.
    水资源短缺且用水结构不合理,生态用水严重不足。

英英解释(Powered By WordNet):

    名词
    [1.n.shortage]同义词:[deficit(n.赤字,不足额)] [shortage(n.不足,缺乏)] [shortfall(n.不足,不足量)]
    注释例句:the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required;"new blood vessels bud out from the already dilated vascular bed to make up the nutritional deficit"
    上位词 -> [insufficiency(n.不足)] [amount(n.数量 vi. (to)总计,等于)] [magnitude(n.大小,数量,巨大,广大,量级)] [property(n.财产,所有物,所有权,性质,特性,(小)道具)] [attribute(n.属性,品质,特征,加于,归结于)] [abstraction(n.提取)] [entity(n.实体)]
    下位词 -> [oxygen deficit]
    [2.n.shortage]同义词:[dearth(n.缺乏)] [famine(n.饥荒,<古>饥饿,严重的缺乏)] [shortage(n.不足,缺乏)]
    注释例句:an acute insufficiency
    上位词 -> [lack(n.缺乏,短缺的东西 vt.缺乏,没有,需要 vi.缺乏,没有)] [need(n.需要,必需,必需品,要求,贫困 vt.需要 modal v.必要,必须)] [condition(n.条件,情形,环境,社会地位 vt.以...为条件,使达到要求的情况)] [state(n.情形,状态,国家,政府,州 adj.国家的,国有的,国营的,州的,正式的,典礼用的 vt.声明,陈述,规定)] [attribute(n.属性,品质,特征,加于,归结于)] [abstraction(n.提取)] [entity(n.实体)]
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